Final Cut Software Tutorial

Israel Hyman of Izzy Video provides a great tutorial on Final Cut Express – for free. If you are new to Final Cut, I highly recommend Izzy’s walk through. He provides well-made, step-by-step video tutorials that will get you up and running quickly. Izzy doesn’t claim to provide an exhaustive treatment of the software, but if my experience is any indication, within a few hours you can create short videos incorporating audio, video and still images. His style is to-the-point, and he has a very engaging personality that keeps the technical patter interesting.

Creative; Fun; Enjoy

Here’s an unusual (and creative) storyline treatment.

Some background information from the creator Ben Crowell:

Q: Where did the idea come from?

Crowell: The idea came very randomly when Joel Marsh (co-director) and I were talking about ideas for the festival. The idea started out as something totally different; it was about a man trying to see his newborn child and then through chatting, it evolved into a reversal film and then into the romantic piece that it is now. It just emphasizes the cliche that no idea is a bad idea. The most banal idea has potential to turn into something really beautiful.

Q: How did you go about producing it? (all within 48 hrs?, formality – eg., storyboarding or more freeform? stuff like that)

Crowell: In terms of the film’s creation, we really didn’t have much time, so we made an idea list and then from that a loose shot list and then we ran out to get it done! It was a ton of fun, very small crew–everyone on camera also worked behind the camera. Our friend Luke Bradford wrote the music after I told him the general feel we were looking for. We were so happy with what he came up with.

Q: You did this on the 5d, correct? What other equipment are you using with that? (audio recorder/mics? camera rigs?)

Crowell: Yes, we used the 5d. Other than that, just a tripod and a paint can tied to a stick for a steady cam. We had some nice sound equipment too, although we ended up taking almost all of the sound out. The music was actually just recorded on a laptop microphone.

Q: You’re using the 5d – did you start out as a still guy and move into motion?

Crowell: Honestly, Joel and I have always been movie people. Joel is actually just adding photography to his repertoire now. It’s his 5d and he got it specifically for movie making.

Q: How are you finding using a DSLR to make short films?

Crowell: DSLRs are excellent in my opinion. Definitely no complaints, so far. Really good quality and beautiful colors. The microphone could be better, but that’s far from a deal-breaker.

Q: What would you regard as “the perfect gear” for making films?

Crowell: Perfect gear would be some lovely 70mm cameras with big lights and the works. More realistically, a Canon DSLR with some solid lenses and good sound equipment are ideal.

Q: The “48 hour Project”: How often have you participated? What was the experience like?

Crowell: This is our 4th 48 film. I found out about it from my neighbor and fellow filmmaker Scott Palmer. He had won the Boston 48 and thought it would be something I would enjoy. He was definitely right. It’s a great incentive to get people together to make a film without a daunting commitment. It was an excellent experience. Stress-free, fun and exciting. The stunts were tons of fun, although it was a very, very cold day. We finished with about 10 hours to spare as well. We simply had fun, and very talented people all together and that’s really the key ingredient to making a decent film. If it’s too tense, no one’s going to be on their game, so I try to keep it as loose and enjoyable as possible on set. We came out with some fairly wild stories from a really magnificent experience.

“Habanero” by Justin Baez

Here’s a well-told story that pulls us along with some creative and entertaining visual cues and underlying questions.


In his book “Directing the Story”, Francis Glebas makes a big point about dramatization through questions. “We direct the audience’s attention to ask narrative questions by providing stories in which they wish to know what will happen next,” Glebas says. Sparking questions like “Will the main character get the girl?” “Will he reach his goal?” “Why isn’t she telling the cops about that part of her evening?” get the audience involved and caring about the outcome. Good films tell stories about characters who we, the audience, care about. Those characters live through challenging experiences that we can experience vicariously, and because we care about the characters we want to know what will happen. We have a vested interest in the outcome because we care about the character.

Who is Glebas? He is a filmmaker and storyboard artist for Walt Disney Studios. He’s also taught and consulted on storytelling and storyboarding. Glebas knows something about crafting good stories.

In this short “Habanero,” Baez introduces his main character in a barroom setting, talking with his buddies. The barroom set-up provides enough backstory to bring the characters to life. We learn that the main character is a married guy who, when he was unemployed for a spell, wanted to help take the load off of his working wife by cooking some chile for her. She gives him precise instructions and – right at that point – I started to formulate some questions that pulled me into the story. What is this guy going to do to the recipe? What is going to go wrong?

The film progresses and I realize my initial questions and line of thought were off-base. Without giving too much away, I find myself replacing my original set of questions with alternatives — and now I’m really hooked. I definitely want to see this guy work out of the situation he’s in. I just don’t know where this is going to lead. What a great place to be as a storyteller: you’ve hooked your audience with an interesting character, someone the audience can relate to and care about, and you’ve placed your character in a challenging situation that he’s got to work his way out of. Keep the character’s actions true to his personality, and like Baez you can lead us wherever you want to go.

Great Story for About a Buck

If you haven’t yet heard the song “Stan” by Eminem, the rapper, you should spend the buck-twenty-nine and add it to your collection. Now I’m NOT a big rap fan, and usually only listen to the stuff under protest when my teenage kids put it on. But I have to say this song really impressed me. It’s just a great story. Verse by verse, Eminem introduces and then builds up the character of an obsessed fan, creating rising tension along the way with careful details (“I put a tattoo of you across my chest” and “I cut myself”) and increased vocal pitch and intensity, until the story line is resolved in the final verse. This is fantastic storytelling, plain and simple.

And, if you’re a dad like me, the upside is that you may impress your kids who find a rap song on your iPhone.

Interview: Margaret Cheatham Williams

Margaret Cheatham Williams gives us two deeply-felt pieces revolving around her grandmother who suffered from Parkinson’s Disease.  The first video, entitled “Goodnight Moon,” focuses on the story of William’s grandmother Dutchie and the people who surrounded her and cared for her.

The second project, entitled “Free,” centers in on Rosa, Dutchie’s caretaker who grew to be a close friend of Dutchie during the months they spent together.


Q: What attracted you to these stories? What were you originally trying to accomplish?
Williams: First, I should explain that I created “Goodnight Moon” for my Documentary Photojournalism class at UNC Chapel Hill.  I watched a similar project produced by my professor, Pat Davidson, where he documented his mother’s struggle with Alzheimers.   The subject of “Goodnight Moon,” my grandmother Dutchie, was a constant presence in my life – and sadly, her Parkinson’s began when I was fairly young.  As the eldest grandchild, I felt as if I knew her the best, and I had a responsibility to preserve her memory for my family.  It was a challenge to watch her decline and to feel that I may have been using my camera as a buffer to the pain, but I now understand what the process truly meant for our relationship and my appreciation for the immense beauty in her life.

“Free” began, in some respects, as a follow up to the original “Goodnight Moon.”  After Dutchie died, I fought with the issue and meaning of grief.  I knew I wanted to approach the emotions and space that were created in my grandmother’s absence, but I wasn’t quite sure from which angle to proceed.  Rosa (the primary voice in “Free”) is amazing – and she continues to do so much to hold my family together.  The original idea was not to do a story but to record Rosa singing the hymns to add to the conclusion of “Goodnight Moon.”  But it was far too beautiful and she had far too much to say to simply tack it on. I also didn’t want to affect the integrity of the original piece, as the uncertainty of Dutchie’s condition was such a factor in the piece. It seemed to almost cloud the original intent, to place such a finite and concrete ending as her funeral. I guess in my head, I wasn’t quite ready to put her to rest.

Q: How formal is your process? (storyboarding, shot lists – or more free-form?)
Williams: My process for “Goodnight Moon” was more formal than I am accustomed to.  In school we were taught a form of storyboarding that is fairly structured, and extremely helpful in charting the course of long-term work.  The project “road map” is a form of outline that allows for thematic structuring of a story, with areas to be filled with corresponding content as the project progresses.

Generally I do not like to approach a story with a preconceived notion of the result, but in this case, with my own family, I thought I understood the most complex issues of the story well before I began to shoot.

QUESTION: How would you describe your process for “Free”?
Williams: My process for “Free” was extremely loose in comparison – Like I said, I had no real intention of turning my initial visit with Rosa into anything substantive. I thought she would be an incredible addition, but she really surprised me. I thought I wasn’t ready to hear her reflections of Dutchie, or perhaps that she wasn’t ready to share, but all she felt was love for my grandmother. She had an understanding that I hadn’t quite reached – She was grieving her loss, but she was far more at peace with the fact that Dutchie was no longer in pain.

I had no plan – no storyboard for that one. I asked her only a few questions and let her talk – She had a far better understanding of what it meant to “take care” of someone, that meant a lot to me and to the story.

Q: How much time did you spend on these two projects?
Williams:  Storyboarding, photographing/recording and editing “Goodnight Moon” took about four months.

I went home to Charlotte almost every weekend during the fall semester to work on it, in an attempt to gather as much content and spend as much time with them as I could. The structure of our class demanded that we turn in weekly shoots, which we then discussed and edited as a class. Towards the end of the semester I began to sift through the audio and video and stills – I interviewed my grandfather and aunt once each. I then listened to their audio and began to build a story in transcripts. I ended up creating both the multimedia piece and a still edit of the project.

For the production of “Free,” logistics made it possible for me to shoot with Rosa just twice.  I first went to Rosa’s home with the intention to shoot a video portrait of the hymn that she sang during Dutchie’s funeral.  I conducted the interview by chance, in about thirty minutes before she left for church.  I asked her if she had anything she wanted to say while the camera was still rolling.

Bits and pieces of the “Free” story were shot during the original process of “Goodnight Moon,” and some additional B-roll for “Free” was shot at my grandparent’s home on the day of my grandmother’s birthday.

Q: What type of equipment did you use for images and audio?
Williams: In both “Goodnight Moon” and “Free” I used the Canon 5 D Mark II and a Seinheiser lavaliere mic on the lapel with a Marantz external audio recorder and a Rode mic as back up.  I synched the audio in post with a software program called Plural Eyes.  In Rosa’s case, there is a bit of audio cleaning in Soundtrack Pro.

Q: What was the most difficult part of these projects? (planning, image/audio capture, interviewing, post, etc)
Williams: I would say the most difficult part of the “Free” story for me was not process-related or technical – instead, it was difficult for me to hear Rosa talk about my grandmother.  They had a bond that was indescribable, and it was an emotional and daunting task to sift back through four months of material with my grandmother to fill in the missing pieces.

For “Goodnight Moon” I knew that the story of my grandmother was something that meant a great deal to me, and that I wanted it to be my concentration while I had the greatest amount of time that I had been given for any project to date. I wanted to make it meaningful, however, I soon realized that I had no true understanding of what the true story actually was. The piece, in my head, soon evolved from a story about her condition and the difficulties of disease and aging, to the story of a family and the complexity of relationships.

My professor and mentor Chad Stevens was an enormous presence in this story for me. There were several times when I felt like it was far too emotional to continue – He taught me to be patient, to listen.

My aunt Katie, who is featured in Goodnight Moon, is like a sister to me. All of my family was incredibly involved in the care of my grandmother, but her situation was unique in that she lived three hours away.

I wouldn’t understand the value of family or story telling without the support of my family.

Q: Looking beyond these two projects, I see that you are producing both videos and still photography. Which do you prefer? Are you finding that one is better suited than the other for particular things?
Williams:I began shooting stills in school, but it wasn’t long before I began to shoot primarily video. I suppose I naturally gravitated towards video in a progression mandated by necessity and the changing face of technology and media, but it is something that I have really come to enjoy.

I appreciate the value, the contained emotion in a still photograph– the ability to capture a moment with intricate layers and complexity.

I worry that sometimes with multimedia, audio can be used as a crutch – to mend imagery that doesn’t quite convey a story. My attempt is to layer audio, visuals, video and stills in a way that is most similar to the layers in a photo. Personally I am compelled and driven by voice, and the first person representation of a story. I thoroughly enjoy talking to people and to me it seems most natural to have them express their thoughts in their own words.

Q: In a given story, what drives your choice between still photography and video?
Williams: In choosing between stills and video – I think the motion is the most important factor. Video thrives on details and motion, and stills on moments, light, and composition – interaction. For me, however, it can be difficult to choose… Allowing a moment to unfold on video, to me, is extremely powerful.

Q: I see that you’ve attended some immersion courses – was that experience worthwhile?
Williams: Though I began as a staff photographer and assistant photo editor for our campus newspaper, my most influential experiences have been immersive. Enthusiasm for this work is contagious, and I have been incredibly lucky to have the guidance and support of driven and talented mentors. In situations like the Carolina Photojournalism Workshop and The Mountain Workshops facilitated by Western Kentucky, I was plunged into a culture of dedication, inspiration and energy. I would highly recommend these programs to anyone hoping to expand.

Q. Where are you going from here? Any projects in the works? Things you want to tackle?
Williams: I will return to school in the fall to shoot primarily stills, because I think that still photography is the basis of all good video. I worry that I jumped some of the fundamentals of composition, moment, and elements that make a good photography.

I am currently a video intern at the Washington Post, and though I just started, I am thoroughly enjoying the people and the types of stories that I have been assigned. I have a deep desire to explore the depths of mental health – which I have started to approach in a piece I just finished, Four Seconds, that was shot as part of the Hearst Journalism Championship in San Francisco.

I would really like to push to better understand the complexities of mental health and the systems in place to manage our well being as a community.

I am extremely lucky that these people have allowed me into their lives to try to tell their story, and I so very much appreciate their understanding and support!

Don’t Give Up – It’s A Long Haul

Ira Glass, long-time radio producer, discusses how difficult it can be to produce creative work that may not stand up to one’s standards. But “stick with it,” he advises. The best thing you can do to improve is to keep generating work. Set yourself assignments and deadlines. Over time, you will improve.

What Makes This Story Successful?

The simplicity of this short video is astounding. Visually, only a small portion of each character is within the frame – we see no faces. The set is minimal. The filming is jumpy, and the image quality is poor. Most action is outside the frame. We really have only dialogue and a few visual clues to piece this together. It’s short (31 seconds). But after 31 seconds, we all know the characters and what has happened to the characters, and we all have an emotional response to that story.

This piece shows the power of omission. As is often said about still photography, the hardest thing about lighting is NOT lighting. To make something more interesting, don’t light all of it. The off-screen action here intrigues our imagination, provoking us as viewers to assemble the story in our own mind.

BBC “Radio Ballads”

This audio story (Sound #99 on Third Coast International Audio Festival’s website) recounts the tale of 3 British audiophiles who grabbed new technology (portable recording equipment) of the time and used it to capture the lives of unique individuals. Starting in 1958, Charles Parker, Ewan MacColl and Peggy Seeger recorded voices and ambient sounds to communicate 8 audio “ballads” for the BBC audience, covering various segments of the British population including coal miners, fishermen, victims of polio, teenagers, etc.  Prior to this type of new radio program, audio storytellers would go into a studio and have a “BBC-voice” professional broadcaster narrate the storyline.  These 3 innovators used the voices of real people to tell their tales — commonplace now but an innovation in 1958-1964.

Third Coast International Audio Festival (TCF) was founded in 2000, and has since then published recordings made by producers of audio documentaries. Check out TCF’s website.

Interview: Will Yurman

Will Yurman worked as a newspaper photographer and multimedia producer for many years before joining the faculty of Penn State where he now teaches multimedia.   Early in his photojournalism career, he attended workshops and saw multiple slide projector shows that combined images and audio.   He traces these experiences, along with a family “addiction” to National Public Radio, to his later interest in multimedia.

While serving as the photo editor at the Utica Observer Dispatch in 1999-2000, Will started building basic HTML galleries to enhance the newspaper’s website.   He started playing around with Flash, discovering that it allowed him to recreate some of the experience of the multi-projector slideshows he had seen at workshops.

Will spent about a decade at the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, serving as photographer and multimedia producer. “I was fortunate in that I was learning before newspapers had really caught the multimedia bug, so for the first few years I could do whatever I wanted,” he says.  Will started working with video about 3-4 years ago.  “I remember early on talking about multimedia as a vehicle for my photography.  And I thought of myself as a photographer who was using sound.  But pretty quickly I realized that it’s the audio that drives the story and began talking about that.  And recently I have come back around to seeing that it can’t just be the sound. Because then you’re producing radio. And I love radio, but multimedia, to be truly great, needs both compelling audio and powerful visuals. So now I just talk about the storytelling.”

Q: What was the original idea and purpose of The Determined Divas multimedia project?

Yurman: Before the Divas I project I did a year-long project on homicides in Rochester for the newspaper.  Not Forgotten – Rochester’s Victims of Homicide in 2007 tells the story of each victim of homicide in the Rochester area in 2007 through interviews with family and friends, family photos, and photos from vigils, memorials, funerals.

Among the many amazing people I met was Bev Jackson who works in the community with at-risk young adults and teenagers.  She told me about the Determined Divas.  She was looking for publicity and wondered if I would come to an event they had planned.  I proposed something different.  I thought it was a natural follow-up in some sense to Not Forgotten, and was another look at issues that have engaged me for years – the disparity between life in the city and the more affluent suburbs, the impact of education, or lack of, on people’s lives.

I think narrative multimedia is ideally suited for giving voice to people – it’s really important to do data driven investigative reporting.  But sometimes those stories turn people into numbers.  And I feel like I can give them a voice, and remind the community that the issues, whatever you may think about them, impact real people.

Q: What was the most challenging part of the project?

Yurman: My original idea was a more documentary approach – spend time with some of the young women, show them in their day-to-day lives, gather natural sound, interviews, etc.  But the reality was, I would never get the time to do that the way it needed to be done.

So in many ways, the final project was simply a solution to a problem.  How to tell their stories in the time I had.  Bev Jackson was amazing at getting the young women on board.  The paper gave me the time to produce the piece – the advantage of being on staff.

Q: What do you think of the result – did you accomplish your objectives?

Yurman: There are a lot of technical things about the final piece I would fix. But I think it gives a pretty honest voice to their stories, and the technique is compelling enough to keep people watching. It got good numbers on the website. Beyond giving them a voice I didn’t have any firm objectives – beyond world peace and an end to poverty, crime, and unhappiness – which didn’t quite happen.

Q: Did this project teach you anything or lead you to other endeavors?

Yurman: I learned a lot about the limits of what is possible – how difficult the technical part of shooting video is. Monitoring two cameras, keeping an eye on the audio, and trying to stay focused on the most important task – the interview – is something like, I imagine, juggling ten rings during a session with your therapist.

Q: In retrospect, would you have done anything differently?

Yurman:  Small things – a better solution for the sound.  I don’t think the audio quality is quite where it should be.  I would have spent more time – I think I could have pushed the interviews even further.  I wish I was a better designer – I’m not crazy about the presentation, and regret now that it is Flash-based.  It would be fun to watch on an iPad.

Q: Where does Divas project sit in the wider context of your multimedia work?

Yurman:  That’s hard for me answer.  You can see a pretty good sample of my work at my website Some of What I Do – Photos and Stories From Work and Play.  In terms of style, it’s a technique I’ve used in different variations, multiple times – the talking head(s) with some kind of visual gimmick. Seniors Talk is another example of a similar kind of approach.

But I also like a more documentary approach to the story when I have access and time.

When I think of my ‘body of work’ I’m more likely to consider the subject rather than the technique.  While at the paper I proposed and worked on stories that returned time and time again to similar themes – following a city school teacher and one class for a year, following the birth of an urban charter school through its first year, Not Forgotten, Divas, the High School seniors piece, among others.  In my head at least, they all connect – not in their technique, but in their subject matter.

Q: Now you’ve transitioned into a teaching role, how are you structuring courses on multimedia?

Yurman: I was an adjunct at the Rochester Institute of Technology for a number of years, but just started full-time at Penn State this past semester. Multimedia can mean a lot of different things depending on the context and who you are talking to. It’s ‘multi’ after all. So it can include all sorts of data and maps and graphics and interactives as well as images and audio.

Because of my skill set and interests I focus on narrative storytelling – using stills, video and audio to tell stories – generally character-driven stories. But of course a big part of the learning process is the technology, so we have to focus on that as well – learning to gather and edit audio, stills, and video using a variety of software applications and hardware tools.

Q: What are the essential skills for producing good multimedia?

Yurman: For what I teach, the most important skill and hardest perhaps to teach is crafting a story – figuring out a beginning, middle and end with a story arc that takes us somewhere.

Q: Other than university programs like Penn State, how can people get good training in multimedia?

Yurman: There are a lot of good college-level programs that offer classes and degrees in multimedia. There are also a plethora of workshops – Maine Media Workshops, Santa Fe Photographic Workshops, NPPA Multimedia Immersion, the Mountain Workshops, and the Northern Shortcourse are ones I’m most familiar with, but there are certainly others.
You can learn many of the technical skills online through services like as well.
But ultimately you learn by doing – pick up a camera and start shooting your dog or kids or whatever and go from there. I tortured my kids, and still torture them, by photographing and videotaping and interview them all the time.

Q: How is the field of multimedia developing?

Yurman: What’s so exciting is how new it all is – the rules change constantly and there is so much opportunity to innovate and experiment. It’s certainly evolving as the technology evolves – the DSLR was a game changer for many people – relatively low-cost, very high quality video. Now there are lots of limitations in those cameras – audio, the form factor, etc. but it certainly has opened lots of doors. News organizations struggle with how best to use this new medium – some are pushing out video as quickly as they can – less concerned with high production values and more concerned with immediacy. Others are thinking that that higher production values are what separates professional work from the silly cat on YouTube.

I don’t know where it all goes. There is still just 24 hours in the day, so I think as the medium develops, people will ultimately be drawn to the best stories and the people or organizations who develop a reputation for storytelling will succeed.

Q: Can you suggest some inspirational, well-crafted or innovative multimedia pieces to view?

Yurman:  LOTS of great work out there –,, all collect links to great work. I try and keep up at
Specific work I like:
and lots and lots of other stuff….

Inspiration: Will Yurman’s “The Determined Divas”

Will Yurman has put together a very well-done suite of multimedia portraits entitled “The Determined Divas,” combining video with audio interviews. 

The B&W set is sparse, focusing attention on the subject.  The subject provides their own narration. The audio is clear, simple and direct.  Through the imagery and audio interviews, Will Urman drops us into direct conversation (almost) with the subject.

In addition to the clear audio, I enjoyed the intriguing visual treatment of the subject as each woman speaks.  Yurman employs both video of the subject speaking; video of subject not speaking (but with the subject’s voiceover), and the occasional almost-still photography look with video.  Yurman varies his camera position, moving between ¾ shots, close-ups & full-figure shots of speaker standing in the set.  Urman also positions his subject all around the frame, fully utilizing the white negative space. Finally, Yurman keeps viewer’s interest piqued with periodic blur effects.